The Cuban archipelago has about 13 thousand species of terrestrial animals, including invertebrates and vertebrates: mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles, and a large part of them live exclusively in this territory. There are no fierce or poisonous specimens for man. In the adjacent seas live around 900 kinds of fish, among which stand out the snapper, the grouper, the saw or saw, the rabirrubia, the bonito, the mullet, the palate needle, the tarpon and the shark. The manjuarí, freshwater fish, is endemic to the country, as are several species of blind fish (without eyes) that inhabit caves in the western-central region.
Dive in Cuba
All you need to know to dive in Cuba.
Geography of Cuba
The Cuban fauna
The variety of species of the fauna of Cuba, together with the beauty that characterizes some of its specimens, has earned the island the name of Naturalists Paradise.
The Cuban fauna is free of dangerous animals to man. Because of its dimensions, the diminutive Zunzuncito stands out, smaller than some insects; the Sapito of 12 mm; the Butterfly Bat, possibly the smallest of all mammals in general; the dwarf scorpion. However, the rare Almiquí (currently restricted to the mountains of the northeastern region) is a giant within the group of insectivores. In 1986 the Royal Carpenter, the greatest of the living carpenters, was found in pine forests near Moa. According to estimates, the number of species of some important groups is as follows: mammals 54, birds 350, reptiles 106, amphibians 42, mollusks 1 400, insects 700 and arachnids 1 200.
THE CUBAN WATERS
Surrounded by the incredible and warm Atlantic waters to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the south and the Gulf of Mexico to the west Cuba is the most complete diving destination in our region. With 700 kilometers of coastline, 4000 keys and islets, more than 1500 registered marine species, 200 species of sponges, 50 types of corals, numerous banks of endemic species, and an average water temperature of 24º C make our island a paradise for the aquatic activities.
The Cuban State's priority is the defense of its coastline and its waters, so much so that great efforts are made to avoid overfishing and pollution and those who do not comply with the measures and laws that protect the marine ecosystem are fined. Thanks to this protective veil of the law coral gardens are in perfect condition and marine life follows a natural course.