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Dive in Cuba

All you need to know to dive in Cuba.

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Geography of Cuba

Cuba is an archipelago with 110,922 km2, composed of some 4500 islands and islets, the two largest islands are the so-called Cuba and the Island of Youth (The famous "Treasure Island") The country is divided into 14 provinces and 169  municipalities. Its capital is Havana.


The Cuban fauna

The variety of species of the fauna of Cuba, together with the beauty that characterizes  some of its specimens, has earned the island the name of Naturalists Paradise.

The Cuban fauna is free of dangerous animals to man. Because of its dimensions, the diminutive Zunzuncito stands out, smaller than some insects; the Sapito of 12 mm; the Butterfly Bat, possibly the smallest of all mammals in general; the dwarf scorpion. However, the rare Almiquí (currently restricted to the mountains of the northeastern region) is a giant within the group of insectivores. In 1986 the Royal Carpenter, the greatest of the living carpenters, was found in pine forests near Moa. According to estimates, the number of species of some important groups is as follows: mammals 54, birds 350, reptiles 106, amphibians 42, mollusks 1 400, insects 700 and arachnids 1 200.

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The arthropods account for more than seven thousand species, some native as certain scorpions. Among the insects, the Cuban archipelago has a great representation with thousands of varieties, distributed in all ecosystems, including caves.  It is worth mentioning, for being the most showy and endemic, some butterflies such as Gundlach and Avellaneda.



The Cuban amphibians have 45 types of frogs and toads, among which the Great toad of notches of the West stands out; the little frog from Cuba and the frog Toro.  The island has about 100 varieties of reptiles, among which are endemic: the iguana, the green chipojo, and the coiled iguanita de cola tail, the maja de Santa María, and the crocodile.



Surrounded by the incredible and warm Atlantic waters to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the south and the Gulf of Mexico to the west Cuba is the most complete diving destination in our region.  With 700 kilometers of coastline, 4000 keys and islets, more than 1500 registered marine species, 200 species of sponges, 50 types of corals, numerous banks of endemic species, and an average water temperature of 24º C make our island a paradise for  the aquatic activities. 

The Cuban State's priority is the defense of its coastline and its waters, so much so that great efforts are made to avoid overfishing and pollution and those who do not comply with the measures and laws that protect the marine ecosystem are fined. Thanks to this protective veil of the law coral gardens are in perfect condition and marine life follows a natural course.